My Te Ara Information Tatiana
Using Te Ara -
The Encyclopedia of New Zealand
1. Waitemata Harbour
L.I. Develop our knowledge of Auckland and the Tamaki River.
Familiarise ourselves with an online NZ encyclopaedia.
Use our skimming and scanning skills.
Use this link to open Te Ara
Enter Waitemata into the search box and use that page to answer these questions.
What sort of landform is the Waitemata harbour?
These cliffs in Takapuna are made of ‘Waitematā strata’ – layers of sandstone and mudstone, as well as volcanic ash, compacted into sedimentary rock over the last 5 million years
Why was it chosen to be New Zealand’s capital?
Most of the land around Auckland is gentle and undulating. There are a series of hills in the west (Waitākere Ranges) and the south-east (Hūnua Ranges). Sand dunes form the southern arms of the Kaipara and Manukau harbours.
What does Waitemata mean?
The Waitematā Harbour (also known as Auckland Harbour) is a drowned river valley, stretching from Riverhead in the north-west to Tāmaki River in the east. It has tidal flats and mangroves in the upper reaches to the west, and sandy bays with sandstone cliffs along the eastern shores. The harbour’s deep navigable channels and sheltered bays helped to determine Lieutenant-Governor Hobson’s choice of a site for New Zealand's capital in 1840.
Tell me one interesting fact about each of these features of the Waitemata:
The Auckland Harbour Bridge (1,020 m long) was opened in 1959 to link the Auckland isthmus with the north. It spans the harbour from Point Erin to Stokes Point. Designed by Freeman Fox and Partners, with a cantilever-style single span, it was the last bridge in the world constructed with a steel lattice girder. In 1969 four outer lanes were added. Pre-fabricated in Japan, these sections became known as the ‘Nippon clip-ons’.
Auckland’s chief port -
Auckland’s port on the Waitematā was vital to the progress of the city and region. The first of a series of land reclamations to expand the port area began in 1859. By 1900, 132 acres (53 hectares) of land had been reclaimed from the harbour. By 1955 the total had reached 390 acres (157 hectares).
Viaduct basin -
The Viaduct Basin, site of the old fishing harbour, was redeveloped in the mid-1990s as a site where the Royal New Zealand Yacht Squadron could host the America’s Cup in 1999 and 2003..
Today restaurants and mega-yachts make it a lively hub of activity. Nearby is the Maritime Museum on Hobson’s Wharf. The Westhaven Marina, with 1,800 berths, is the largest managed marina in Australasia, and a symbol of Aucklanders’ love of sailing. Other marinas have been constructed around the harbour. On Auckland Anniversary Day each year the Auckland Regatta (the largest one-day regatta in the world) fills the harbour with sails.
Harbour bridge -
In 2007 the Axis Fergusson container wharf enables Auckland to handle 45% of New Zealand’s shipping trade. Each summer about 30 cruise liners berth at the nearby Princes Wharf. A law change in 2004 transferred 80% of the Ports of Auckland Ltd assets from private to Auckland City Council control.
Greenhithe bridge -
The Greenhithe Bridge was built in 1975 as an alternative harbour crossing, spanning the upper Waitematā from Hobsonville to Greenhithe on the North Shore.
Natural features -
Natural features of the Waitematā include Meola reef (also known as Te Tokoroa, meaning ‘a long reef’), a rocky sub-marine promontory. It was formed by lava flowing from the Three Kings eruption 20,000 years ago. Pollen Island Marine Reserve (Motu Manawa) on the northern side of the north-west motorway is the best Auckland example of a mangrove saltmarsh.